BAJA Trade and Investment

IMMEX (The Manufacture Maquila and Export Services Industry)

Secretaría de Economía - IMMEX (Spanish)

Upon the strong competency for global markets, the Federal Government through the Secretariat of Economy has implemented public policies to provide Mexican companies, at least with the same conditions that our main competitors offer, which will allow them to position their products and services successfully in the arena of international trade.

With this purpose, on November 2006 the Federal Government published the Decree for the Furthering of the Manufacture, Maquiladora, and Export Services (IMMEX), aiming to strengthen competitiveness in the Mexican export sector, and grant security, transparency, and continuity to business operations, specifying and simplifying the factors of compliance; allowing to adopt new ways of operation and business; diminishing logistic and management costs; modernizing, speeding up and reducing procedures, thus elevating the supervision ability in an environment that encourages the attraction and maintenance of investments in the country.

The companies integrating IMMEX, may temporarily import the goods necessary for an industrial or service process destined to the elaboration, processing, or repair of products from foreign sources for their subsequent export, without covering the general import tax, value added tax, and if applicable, the compensatory fees. The beneficiaries of this program are companies residing in Mexican territory (with previous authorization from the Secretariat of Economy) that tax in accordance with Mexican regulations.

The maquiladora activity has been successful in Baja California for the advantages it offers. It is the region with the most establishments, the second with the most employees and amount of added value in the country. In this state, the maquiladora activity begun under the free zone regime ruling the 60s´and that allowed the free import of machinery and equipment, raw materials and inputs; from this point, it extended through the northern borderline and subsequently to the coastline, then to other borderlines and finally throughout the entire country.

Historically, the main investments have been from the United States, due to the proximity with this country, yet on the last years Asian and European investments have been significant to further the commercial and economic development in a larger extent.

Here we have relevant world firms with manufacture operations: Toyota, LG Electronics, Honeywell, Hyundai, Samsung, Thomson, Sharp, Greatbatch, Carefusion, Rockwell Collins, Emerson, Kenworth, Gulfstream, UTC Aerospace Systems, Lockheed Martin, Panasonic, Skyworks, Smiths, Tyco, etc.

The inputs imported into Baja California for consumption of manufacturers represent an important increase, reaching 15,481 million dollars in 2013.

The added value generated by the maquiladora industry in monetary terms, is the expense of payrolls and wages, raw materials and national auxiliaries, national packaging, other expenses, utilities, and other concepts. The export value is the sum of the added value plus the inputs imported, this makes it the highest added value in the field. In 2013, 15,353 million dollars were generated in Baja California as export value, highlighting the importance of this activity in regional economy.

Establishing a maquiladora business in Mexico

  1. Constitution of a Mexican Entity
  2. Registry in the Maquila Program
  3. Environmental licenses
  4. Work Visas (FM-3)
  5. Individual or collective labor agreements
  6. Industrial facilities
  7. Sub maquila operations (if applicable)

Export incentives

The main incentives of the Economic Development Plan are in regards to the export of manufactured goods. These incentives apply to all entities, regardless of the percentage of foreign property.

A series of executive decrees and general regulations were created to constitute safe entities that perpetuated the task of conducting export activities and to grant incentives for exporters. These incentives, as well as the programs created to further export, are stated hereafter.

Special Incentives by Economic Activity Branch