In an effort to boost mining activity, the federal and state governments have support agencies like the Mexican Geology Service (SGM for its acronym in Spanish), the Mining Development Trust (FIFOMI for its acronym in Spanish), the General Mining Directorate (DGM for its acronym in Spanish), and a specialized office in Baja California in charge of the Secretariat of Economic Development.
Mining activity in Baja California is showing an appealing growth, due to its favorable geological conditions for the locations of metallic mineral deposits (gold, silver, copper, iron, etc.), and non-metallic minerals (river rocks, granite, silica sand, limestone, etc.) utilized mainly for construction purposes.
Currently there is geological information in the state monograph, in which exploration opportunities and mining project development can be spotted, in addition to the already existing projects in the state, which generate approximately 2,000 direct employments.
In Baja California, the mining production has its main focus on non-metallic minerals due to its geographical location that allows intensive commercial exchange with Southwest United States. There are 3 plants in the state, from which one is for metallic and the other two for non-metallic minerals.
Baja California offers investors high expectations on extraction and mineral industrialization, due to its great geological and mining potential and the mineral deposits localized within the state, which offer resources such as gold, silver, copper, iron, tungsten, barite, limestone, talc, gypsum, sea salt, sulfur, quartz, onyx, volcanic matter, gravel, sand, granite, and dimensional stones, among others.
Within the state, there are nine mining centers or districts: Sierra de Juarez, El Alamo, Sierra Pinta, Valadares, San Fernando, Las Arrastras-Calamajue, San Borja, El Barril, and El Arco-Calmalli aside from other mining zones with lower activity throughout the state.
Recently, the State Secretariat of Economic Development has granted technical, legal, and management support for the development of these projects, which increase employment opportunities and the quality of life in the south of the state.
From most of the projects conducted in the south of the Ensenada municipality, El Rincon de Santa Rosa stands out at flat stone and quarry extraction, and Ejido de Chapala at Salt, River Rock, and Volcanic Matter. These projects currently generate approximately 350 direct employments.
Regarding Projects under Construction, the following are worth mentioning:
- G.I. Canoas, S.A. de C.V., exploring copper in south El Rosario
- Transpacific Mining Group, S.A. de C.V., installing iron extraction process equipment in sand dunes, in south San Quintin.
- Minerales Gradesa, S.A. de C.V., designing a plant for iron extraction in sand dunes, in Punta Colonet.
- Metales El Rosario, S. de R.L., exploiting onyx banks, in west Guayaquil.
- AA Mining Holding, S. de R.L., locating sites for drilling for copper, south El Rosario.
The interest for Baja California's mineral resources is determined by the granting of mining concessions. During the period from January to December 2013, 872 concessions were granted, that shelter 2’671, 899.0000 hectares, representing 38.21% of the state surface. Baja California offers excellent investment opportunities by its existent geological and mining potential.
MINES AND/OR COMPANIES IN OPERATION IN THE STATE OF BAJA CALIFORNIA
|San Felipe Diseminado 2||Mexicali||Minera Real de Angeles, S.A. de C.V.||Gold, Silver|
|Punta Cina||Ensenada||Cementos Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V.||Limestone|
|La Olvidada||Ensenada||No Metalicos de Hidalgo, S.A. de C.V.||Barite|
|Salinas Ometepec||Mexicali||Corporativo Margue, S.A. de C.V.||Sea Salt|
|Salinera San Martin||Ensenada||Salinera San Martin, S.P. R. de R.L.||Sea Salt|
|La Presa||Tijuana||Caolin La Presa, S.A. de C.V.||Kaolin|
|Oro Blanco||Tecate||Cia. Oro Blanco, S.A. de C.V.||Limestone|
|El Piñon||Tecate||Ejido Aubanel Vallejo||Sand and Stone material|
|Petreos Baja||Tecate||Petreos y Derivados Baja, S.P.R. de R.L||Stone Aggregates|
|Petreos Juliana||Tecate||Petreos y Derivados Baja, S.P.R. de R.L.||Stone Aggregates|
|El Testerazo||Tecate||Canteras Cuarcititas, S.P.R. de C.V.||Flat Stone and River Rocks|
|San Telmo Onix||Ensenada||Metales El Rosario, S.P. R. de C.V.||Onyx|
|Puertecitos||Ensenada||Agregados Industriales, S.de R.L. de C.V.||Pumice|
|Ojos Negros||Ensenada||Baja Silice, S.A. de C.V.||Siliceous Sand|
|Verduzco||Mexicali||Organización Verduzco, S.A. de C.V.||Calcite, Dolomite|
|Arroyo El Gallo||Ensenada||Propetsa, S.A. de C.V.||Stone Aggregates|
|Amaya Curiel||Tijuana||Amaya Curiel, S.A. de C.V.||Stone Aggregates|
|Piedra Bola El Rosario||Ensenada||La Cieneguilla, S.P.R. de R.L.||Beach Pebbles|
|Piedra Bola El Rosario||Ensenada||La Palmita, S.P.R. de R.L.||Beach Pebbles|
|Piedra Bola El Rosario||Ensenada||El Mavar, S.P.R. de R.L.||Beach Pebbles|
|Piedra Bola El Rosario||Ensenada||Gpo. de Explotacion y Transporte de Recursos Forestales, S.P.R. de R.L.||Beach Pebbles|
|El Rincon de Santa Rosa||Ensenada||El Rincon de Santa Rosa, S.P.R. de R.L.||Flat Stone and Quarry|
|Piedra Bola San Quintin||Ensenada||Ejido Chapala||Sand, Gravel and River Rocks|
|Escoria Volcanica San Quintin||Ensenada||Antonio Rios||Volcanic Matter|
Main benefit plants
|Minera Real de Angeles, S.A. de C.V.||Mexicali||60,000||Leaching||Gold, Silver|
|Cementos Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V.||Ensenada||1,500||Grinding||Limestone (Cement)|
|Agregados Industriales, S. de R.L. de C.V.||Ensenada||100||Grinding||Pumice|